Photo credit: Dechao Zhang, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute

Situated in the Yangtze River Delta region, Nanjing is a prominent place in Chinese history and culture, having served as the capital of various Chinese dynasties, kingdoms and republican government dating from the 3rd century to 1949.

Nanjing is the transportation hub in eastern China and the downstream Yangtze River area. Different means of transportation constitute a three-dimensional transport system that includes land, water and air. As in most other Chinese cities, public transportation is the dominant mode of travel of the majority of the citizens. As of October 2014, Nanjing had four bridges and two tunnels crossing the Yangtze River, which are tying districts in the north of the River with the city center on the south bank.

The Port of Nanjing is the largest inland port in China, with annual cargo tonnage of 242 million in 2017. The port area is 98 km in length and has 64 berths including 16 berths for ships with a tonnage of more than 10,000. Nanjing is also the biggest container port along the Yangtze River; in March 2004, the one million container-capacity base, Longtan Containers Port Area opened, further consolidating Nanjing as the leading port in the region. As of 2010, it operated six public ports and three industrial ports. The Yangtze River’s 12.5-meter-deep waterway enables 50,000-ton-class ocean ships directly arrive at the Nanjing Port, and the ocean ships with the capacities of 100,000 tons or above can also reach the port after load reduction in the Yangtze River’s high-tide period.